They had been technically voting for 538 electors who, in accordance with the system laid out by the Structure, meet of their respective states and vote for President and Vice President as soon as the favored vote totals are utterly counted and licensed.
People have been refining this course of for the reason that election of 1800, which initially resulted in an Electoral Faculty tie. The Home of Representatives gave Thomas Jefferson the presidency and that first disputed election resulted within the twelfth modification, which modified the Electoral Faculty course of.
Later, in 1824, John Quincy Adams received to the White Home regardless of not profitable both the favored vote or a majority within the Electoral Faculty.
In 1876, the leads to a number of Southern states had been disputed, and the shortage of clear Electoral Faculty outcomes led to a deal within the Home that gave Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency regardless that he received neither the Electoral Faculty nor the favored vote. That in the end begat the Electoral Rely Act of 1887, which remains to be in impact right now.
The entire timeline is under.