Health

Coronavirus lockdown England: 17m in Tiers 2 and 3 though cases fell

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Round 17million individuals residing in components of England which have seen their coronavirus outbreaks shrink for at the very least two weeks in a row can be plunged into the hardest tiers subsequent week when the nation’s lockdown lastly ends, MailOnline’s evaluation has revealed.

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As many as a 3rd of England’s authorities – 51 out of 149 – noticed coronavirus infections drop within the seven-day spells ending November 15 and November 22 in line with Public Well being England’s weekly surveillance report.

They embody all 10 boroughs in Better Manchester – house to 2.8million alone – and authorities topic to powerful restrictions for months, resembling Blackburn with Darwen, Gateshead and Lancashire – that are all earmarked for Tier Three.

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Boris Johnson – has revealed 99 per cent of England will reside underneath toughened restrictions come December 2 – stated Tiers can be decided primarily based on the speed of fall in infections, alongside strain on the NHS, the entire variety of instances and the speed of an infection within the over 60s who’re extra in danger from the virus.

However officers have refused to disclose the precise standards wanted for areas dealing with lockdown in all-but-name to flee the more durable curbs, that means the destiny of hundreds of thousands is left within the fingers of the secretive Joint Biosecurity Centre, which has beforehand been slammed as being ‘far too opaque’.

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Consultants stated right now they felt ministers had been ‘cautious’ when allocating the tiers, as a result of an anticipated bounce in infections within the run-up to Christmas. As soon as the festive interval has handed, nonetheless, they stated many areas could possibly drop to the decrease tiers.

However Housing Minister Robert Jenrick, who headed up negotiations with native authorities underneath the outdated tiered system, provided a ray of hope right now when he stated areas might transfer down the tiers earlier than Christmas.

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England’s chief medical officer Professor Chris Whitty struck a really completely different tone yesterday, nonetheless, when he prompt that Tier Two – with bans on mixing between households – can be pretty much as good because it will get for many.

He stated that the brand new Tier One is just like that within the former system and would solely be accessible to areas with very low case charges.

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The tiers have been introduced yesterday, and can go to a vote within the Commons subsequent week. As soon as imposed they are going to be reviewed on a two-week rolling foundation. MPs from all events have voiced opposition to the plans, claiming how they have been allotted was complicated and that boroughs with low an infection charges inside counties ought to have been moved to decrease ranges of restrictions.

It comes after Public Well being England’s surveillance report stated right now that solely three native authorities in England – Medway, East Sussex, and Redbridge in London, noticed a fall in an infection charges within the week to November 22.

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Britain recorded 16,022 new coronavirus instances right now, a drop of 20.9 per cent in comparison with the identical time final week exhibiting the second wave has peaked. The nation additionally recorded 521 deaths, a 1.9 per cent rise on final Friday.

LIVERPOOL AND MANCHESTER: Liverpool has been positioned into Tier Two after at the very least two consecutive weeks of falling infections. It had been underneath Tier Three within the earlier system. However Manchester will stay in Tier Three curbs regardless of additionally seeing its infections fall for at the very least two consecutive weeks

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Only three areas in England saw their Covid-19 infection rates rise in the week ending November 22, according to the latest data from Public Health England's weekly surveillance report

Solely three areas in England noticed their Covid-19 an infection charges rise within the week ending November 22, in line with the newest knowledge from Public Well being England’s weekly surveillance report

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COVID-19 CASES STARTED FALLING IN OCTOBER, SAY CAMBRIDGE SCIENTISTS 

Covid-19 instances began falling within the nation as early as October – earlier than a second nationwide lockdown was imposed, in line with revised modelling by scientists on the College of Cambridge.

The variety of new infections a day peaked on October 19, they declare, when it reached 48,500, however since declined to 41,200 by November 22.

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Their estimate is predicated on the variety of Covid-19 deaths recorded every day, alongside the variety of individuals testing constructive for antibodies towards the virus. 

Division of Well being knowledge reveals that the typical variety of confirmed instances a day peaked on November 16, at 25,331, and has since declined to a mean of 17,329 on November 26.

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The scientists – which handle the Nowcast and Forecast mannequin that’s despatched to SAGE – stated the expansion fee in instances for England has dipped to -0.01 a day, including to recognized proof that the second wave is shrinking.

Additionally they discovered that London had the very best fee of an infection within the nation, adopted by the North West. The South West nonetheless had the bottom assault fee of infections.

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Asserting the outcomes the programme chief Professor Daniela de Angelis, a  biostatistician, stated: ‘The pandemic is slowing down.

‘(The autumn) doubtless outcomes from a mixture of the social restrictions launched in October, the momentary lower in exercise over the half-term interval, and the continuing lockdown.

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‘Disentangling the contribution of those components is difficult.’

She added: ‘We stay involved that R might not have fallen to a degree sufficiently beneath 1, which strongly means that efficient measures to regulate an infection charges should proceed to be in place after the tip of the present lockdown interval.’ 

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The variety of individuals set to enter Tier Two or Tier Three restrictions regardless of at the very least two weeks of falling infections was discovered by extracting the inhabitants of every of the 51 native authorities the place this had occurred from the ONS inhabitants estimates by space for mid-2019 and including these collectively.

In Better Manchester, the boroughs had a mean an infection fee drop of 20.6 per cent within the week to November 15, which just about doubled the following week to 35.9 per cent taking the area to 265.5 instances per 100,000 residents.

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However they have been nonetheless slapped with Tier Three curbs, sparking fury from native politicians and MPs who complained the area had already been topic to the hardest restrictions earlier than the nationwide lockdown.

Its mayor Andy Burnham accused Westminster of making an attempt to ‘degree down’ the North with Tier Three. ‘It is unfair and the other of what the Authorities has promised to do,’ he stated. ‘Ministers should evaluation this and supply extra monetary assist.’

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Within the Liverpool metropolis area their an infection charges dropped by 38.1 per cent within the week to November 15, after which by a slower 13.8 per cent within the following seven-day interval. However their an infection fee was a lot decrease than Better Manchester’s, at 151 per 100,000 on common.

The drop in Covid-19 instances could also be why the area went into Tier Two, together with lowered strain on the NHS.

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Its mayor Joe Anderson thanked Liverpudlians for following the stringent restrictions, and heralded the decrease tier as ‘excellent news’ however ‘there’s nonetheless a protracted method to go’.

‘Tier Two is sweet information for our metropolis however we won’t afford to be complacent,’ he stated. ‘Covid-19 charges are coming down and we’re main the best way nationally, however they’re nonetheless excessive in comparison with August, for instance.’

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He added: ‘We should nonetheless take care of one another and save lives. Fingers-Face-Area.’

Lancashire – which incorporates the cities of Preston, Pendle and Hyndburn – was the native authority with the biggest inhabitants of 1.2million to see infections drop for 2 consecutive weeks, however nonetheless be positioned in Tier Three.

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The realm recorded an 11 per cent fall within the week to November 15, which then sped as much as 24.3 per cent. Lancashire’s total an infection fee was at 227.4 per 100,000.

Council leaders responded with fury when the entire county was positioned in Tier Three and demanded that boroughs with decrease an infection charges resembling Lancaster, Blackpool and Fylde are moved into Tier Two.

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Greater Manchester mayor Andy Burnham said Tier Three threatened to 'level down' the north

Better Manchester mayor Andy Burnham stated Tier Three threatened to ‘degree down’ the north

Lancaster’s council chief Dr Erica Lewis stated they ‘didn’t deserve Tier Three’ and warned ‘the marketing campaign for a neighborhood reasonably than regional evaluation begins now.’ South Ribble’s council chief Paul Foster stated he was ‘furious’ on the restrictions, and stated the choice supplies ‘no hope for therefore many’.

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Nottinghamshire was the second largest – at 828,000 – to nonetheless be positioned in Tier Three, regardless of two weeks of falling infections. The county, which was moved into the outdated Tier Three earlier than lockdown, noticed infections drop by 13 per cent within the first week after which 24.7 per cent on the newest date for which knowledge is accessible. Its an infection fee is 212.5 per 100,000.

Its council chief David Mellen stated they’d seen a ‘dramatic and spectacular turnaround’ in infections earlier than Christmas. ‘We really feel that individuals in Nottingham have labored laborious to convey down the speed of Covid-19 in our communities and amongst our older inhabitants – and really feel our place within the tier system ought to mirror this,’ he stated.

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Out of all of the boroughs with falls for 2 consecutive weeks, Torbay noticed the most important fall within the second by 37.1 per cent to 107.9 per 100,000.

It was adopted by Trafford, in Better Manchester, the place infections dropped by 46.9 per cent to 164.3 per 100,000. And Sefton, in Liverpool, the place they fell by 45.2 per cent to 140.7 per 100,000.

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No London boroughs – that are all to be plunged into Tier Two – have recorded falls in Covid-19 an infection charges over the previous two consecutive weeks.

There can be 32million individuals in Tier Three and 23million in Tier Two when lockdown ends on December 2. Solely 700,000 individuals in three areas – Cornwall, the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight – can be within the coveted Tier One.

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MIDLANDS AND YORKSHIRE AND THE HUMBER: Purple indicates an infection rate of more than 400 cases per 100,000 people in the week ending November 21, dark blue = 201-400, light blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, green = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

MIDLANDS AND YORKSHIRE AND THE HUMBER: Purple signifies an an infection fee of greater than 400 instances per 100,000 individuals within the week ending November 21, darkish blue = 201-400, mild blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, inexperienced = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

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WEST: Purple indicates an infection rate of more than 400 cases per 100,000 people in the week ending November 21, dark blue = 201-400, light blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, green = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

WEST: Purple signifies an an infection fee of greater than 400 instances per 100,000 individuals within the week ending November 21, darkish blue = 201-400, mild blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, inexperienced = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

EAST: Purple indicates an infection rate of more than 400 cases per 100,000 people in the week ending November 21, dark blue = 201-400, light blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, green = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

EAST: Purple signifies an an infection fee of greater than 400 instances per 100,000 individuals within the week ending November 21, darkish blue = 201-400, mild blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, inexperienced = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

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SOUTH EAST AND LONDON: Purple indicates an infection rate of more than 400 cases per 100,000 people in the week ending November 21, dark blue = 201-400, light blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, green = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

SOUTH EAST AND LONDON: Purple signifies an an infection fee of greater than 400 instances per 100,000 individuals within the week ending November 21, darkish blue = 201-400, mild blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, inexperienced = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

SOUTH WEST: Purple indicates an infection rate of more than 400 cases per 100,000 people in the week ending November 21, dark blue = 201-400, light blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, green = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

SOUTH WEST: Purple signifies an an infection fee of greater than 400 instances per 100,000 individuals within the week ending November 21, darkish blue = 201-400, mild blue = 101-200, turquoise = 51-100, inexperienced = 11-50, yellow = 0-10

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HOW CLOSE IS YOUR AREA TO MOVING UP OR DOWN THE COVID TIERS?

An official graph laying out coronavirus outbreaks throughout the nation suggests there are components of the North of England and Midlands that might be ‘de-escalated’ from Tier Two or Tier Three in January if they’ll proceed to squash the illness.

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The chart, printed final evening by the Division of Well being however produced by the secretive Joint Biosecurity Centre which pulls the strings behind native lockdowns, reveals that some components of the nation are seeing the quickest falls in an infection fee and well being bosses are monitoring their ‘continued enchancment’.

Though a lot of the north of the nation and the Midlands will find yourself within the hardest Tier Three guidelines when England’s nationwide lockdown ends on December 2, many areas might already be on the best way to seeing economically-crippling guidelines loosened.

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The graphs will undoubtedly gas calls for for No 10 to urgently re-assess the tiering construction, with Boris Johnson dealing with battle with as much as 70 of his personal Tory MPs who’re indignant that their constituencies face guidelines which can be too harsh. Solely individuals within the Isle of Wight, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly can be allowed to socialize indoors in December.

Nottinghamshire and Warwickshire are already near dropping into Tier Two because of falling an infection charges, the graphic suggests, with them showing nearer to the yellow Tier Two group than they do to Tier Three in purple. Stratford upon Avon was one place that brought about uproar when it was revealed to be within the hardest curbs as a result of the an infection fee there’s solely round half of the nationwide common.

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And the graphic reveals speedy declines in instances in South Yorkshire, Lancashire and Derbyshire might stand them in good stead within the coming weeks.

PHE’s report stated: ‘This chart reveals some decreases in weekly case charges within the north of England, and different areas the place case charges are excessive however declining. Continued enchancment over the approaching interval might make these areas candidates for de-escalation within the New 12 months.’

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Professor Paul Hunter, an infectious ailments knowledgeable on the College of East Anglia, advised MailOnline he felt ministers had been on the ‘cautious facet’ when implementing the tiers due to Christmas.

‘There can be a rise as we transfer as much as Christmas nearly inevitably,’ he stated. ‘I strongly suspect what is going on to occur is we’ll have Christmas and you then’ll have to attend about three weeks afterwards earlier than something modifications – however then I believe we are going to begin to see a rest’.

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It might take as much as two weeks for somebody who has been contaminated with the virus to develop the tell-tale signs – a steady cough, excessive temperature and lack of style and scent – get examined, after which obtain a constructive end result.

He added he had anticipated infections to fall ‘sooner’ throughout the lockdown interval than the information has revealed.

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‘When you suppose again to April we have been seeing R values all the way down to the 0.6 to 0.8 vary,’ he stated. ‘However by day 14 it wasn’t that spectacular to be sincere. (Throughout lockdown) these authorities that had been in Tier Three their R worth was a really passable 0.85 however in Tier Two it was solely 0.97 and people who had been in Tier One it was 0.96.

‘(Infections) have been a bit gradual coming down and never a dramatic discount as we noticed within the spring, nevertheless it has been a little bit of a lighter lockdown.’

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Boris Johnson was at battle along with his personal MPs over the curbs final evening, because the Prime Minister confronted mutiny from as much as 70 Tories in what they stated can be the ‘greatest revolt of this Parliament’.

Many boroughs and postcodes the place there are nearly no infections have been pressured into the very best tiers underneath the plans due to the county-wide method taken.

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MPs expressed ‘concern’ on the transfer yesterday with Damian Inexperienced, who represents Tier Three-bound Ashford in Kent, insisting the Authorities’s full evaluation and knowledge have to be printed quickly.

Ex-minister Tobias Ellwood warning on BBC Breakfast: ‘My greatest gripe I feel is the information we’re utilizing. They decided on November 25 utilizing final week’s knowledge for the vote that’s going to occur subsequent week.

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‘I would love the selections to be made utilizing up-to-date knowledge a few days earlier than these new restrictions are available in.

‘I might additionally go additional than that to say, I might have favored to have seen a blanket order throughout the nation of a journey ban of perhaps as much as 10 to fifteen miles in order that areas which can be in Tier One are higher protected and areas which can be in Tier Three could be higher focused with assist.

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‘The actual fact is individuals can nonetheless transfer round an terrible lot and I am afraid the virus has the flexibility to maneuver.’

Below Tier Three restrictions – the harshest and to be imposed over swathes of the North of England, Bristol and Staffordshire – eating places and pubs are pressured to supply takeaway solely and residents are banned from mixing with individuals from different households with the intention to drive down the an infection fee.

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Below Tier Two eating places can re-open, however solely to supply ‘substantial meals’, that means many might avoid their native meals retailers and a few bars and pubs may also be pressured to shutter.

However in Tier One most freedoms are restored, with solely the Rule of Six, 10pm curfew, and different nation measures nonetheless needing to be utilized.

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Gyms will stay open underneath all tiers, though recommendation to work at home will stay in drive in all areas.

The info printed by Public Well being England is up to date each week on a rolling foundation, as a result of the back-log in labs means it will possibly take greater than every week for a swab to be examined and accomplished. This implies the proportion falls for a lot of counties might change into smaller within the coming week when the information is re-published.

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Seventeen-million people in England will be placed under the toughest coronavirus restrictions, despite infections falling in their areas for two weeks in a row. This includes Greater Manchester, where infections have fallen across all 10 boroughs for two consecutive weeks. Pictured is the Arndale shopping centre in the city centre

Seventeen-million individuals in England can be positioned underneath the hardest coronavirus restrictions, regardless of infections falling of their areas for 2 weeks in a row. This consists of Better Manchester, the place infections have fallen throughout all 10 boroughs for 2 consecutive weeks. Pictured is the Arndale procuring centre within the metropolis centre

WHICH AREAS SAW FALLS IN COVID-19 RATES FOR TWO WEEKS IN A ROW?

Native Authority

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Torbay

Trafford

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Sefton (L)

Liverpool (L)

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Salford

Tub

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Bournemth

Oxfordshire

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Knowsley (L)

S Gloucestr

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St Helens (L)

Stockport

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Leeds

Bristol

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Blackburn

Tameside

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Shropshire

East Driving

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Rotherham

Wirral (L)

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Derby

Derbyshire

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Bury

N Yorkshire

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Barnsley 

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 % fall week to Nov 15

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-22.6%

-21.8%

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-12.3%

-7.6%

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-22.4%

-3.6%

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-9.9%

-4.2%

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-27.5%

-1.1%

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-15.7%

-12%

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-6%

-6.3%

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-27.4%

-18.1%

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-2%

-5.6%

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-14.6%

-18.5%

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-17%

-9.1%

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-21.7%

-6.4%

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-18.3% 

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% fall week to Nov 22

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-47.1%

-46.9%

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-45.2%

-43.9%

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-42.6%

-41.3%

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-40%

-39.5%

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-39.5%

-38.9%

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-38.8%

-37.9%

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-37.9%

-37.4%

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-37.3%

-37%

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-37%

-36.7%

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-36.6%

-36.6%

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-36.6%

-34.9%

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-34.9%

-33.5%

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-33.5% 

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An infection fee

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107.9

164.3

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140.7

146.2

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243.4

140.2

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135.6

90.5

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152.5

208.4

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169.45

198

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260.6

296.5

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330

237.5

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143.9

273.2

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143.9

273.2

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229.5

110.2

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248.7

212.4

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253.6 

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WHICH AREAS SAW FALLS IN COVID-19 RATES FOR TWO WEEKS IN A ROW? (CONT.)

Native Authority

Manchester

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Rochdale

Bolton

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Oldham

Kirklees

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Worcestersh

W Berkshire

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Telford

Wakefield

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Blackpool

Middlesbrgh

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Gateshead

Doncaster

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Warrington 

Cheshire E

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Rutland

Bradford

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Wigan

Nottingham

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NE Lincs

Swindon

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York

Nott-shire

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Sheffield

Halton (L)

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Lancashire 

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% fall week to Nov 15

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-17.4%

-18.4%

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-15.7%

-29.2%

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-3.7%

-1%

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-9.9%

-15.4%

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-9.9%

-15.4%

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-2.8%

-15.3%

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-22.2%

-31% 

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-2.3%

-10.4%

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-15.2%

-29%

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-23.9%

-21.7%

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-8.8%

-3.4%

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-13%

-19.6%

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-1.2%

-11.4%

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% fall week to Nov 22

-33.4%

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-33.1%

-33%

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-32.4%

-32.2%

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-32.1%

-31.9%

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-31.5%

-31.3%

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-31.3%

-30.7%

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-30.5%

-29.4%

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-29.4% 

-29.2%

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-28.9%

-28.8%

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-27.7%

-27.7%

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-27.5%

-27%

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-26.9%

-24.7%

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-24.4%

-24.4%

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-24.3% 

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An infection fee

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240

336.3

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289

358.9

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370

160.5

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82

234.6

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320.7

200.1

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307.1

275.2

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240.8

187.1 

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157.8

92.7

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356.3

297.8

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183.5

366.6

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143.6

126.8

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212.5

215.8

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187

227.4 

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